Kaizen Philosophy

 Kaizen Philosophy Essay

Kaizen Philosophy: An assessment Literature

Jagdeep Singh* and Harwinder Singh**

The ultimate aim of manufacturing industries today is to increase production through system simplification, organizational potential and incremental improvements by using modern day techniques just like Kaizen. Almost all of the manufacturing industries are currently experiencing a necessity to respond to quickly changing customer needs, desires and tastes. For companies, to remain competitive and keep market share in this global market, continuous improvement of manufacturing program processes has become necessary. Competition and consistently increasing criteria of client satisfaction has proved to be the limitless driver of organizations functionality improvement. Kaizen refers to ongoing improvement in performance, cost and top quality. Kaizen strives to encourage the workers, maximize worker pleasure, facilitates a sense of accomplishment, therefore creating a satisfaction of work. It not only makes sure that manufacturing processes become slimmer and stronger, but eliminate waste in which value is usually added. Kaizen by now is known as a widely talked about, and applied manufacturing idea, in a variety of sectors across the globe. This kind of paper talks about different content that have been printed in this field and presents a review of literary works.


Kaizen is a Japanese people word that has become common in many western businesses. The word indicates a process of continuous improvement of the common way of job (Chen ou al., 2000). It is a substance word including two principles: Kai (change) and Yoga (for the better) (Palmer, 2001). The definition of comes from Gemba Kaizen which means ‘Continuous Improvement' (CI). Constant Improvement is among the core methods for excellence in production, which is considered essential in today's competitive environment (Dean and Brown, 1991). It calls for countless effort for improvement including everyone inside the organization (Malik and YeZhuang, 2006). 5. M. Technology Student, Division of Physical and Development Engineering, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering School, Ludhiana 141006, India; plus the cor reacting author. Email-based: [email protected] com ** Assistant Professor, Section of Mechanised and Development Engineering, Wizard Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana 141006, India. E-mail: [email protected] com Kaizen The Icfai A Review of Literature В© 2009 Idea: University Press. All Privileges Reserved. 51

Kaizen originated from Japan in 1950 if the management and government recognize that there was a problem nowadays in this confrontational management system and a pending labor shortage. Japan sought to resolve this problem in cooperation with the workforce. The groundwork was laid in the labor contracts championed by the government and was taken up by the majority of major firms, which launched lifetime work and recommendations for division of benefits pertaining to the development of the corporation. This deal remains the setting for all Kaizen activities featuring the necessary secureness to ensure confidence in the staff (Brunet, 2000). First, it was been launched and utilized by Imai in 1986 to boost efficiency, production and competitiveness in Toyota, a Western carmaker company in the wake up of increasing competition and the pressure of globalization. Since then, Kaizen has become a portion of the Japanese manufacturing system and has added enormously to the manufacturing accomplishment (Ashmore, 2001). Kaizen forms an umbrella that covers many methods including Kanban, total fruitful maintenance, six sigma, motorisation, just-in-time, suggestion system and productivity improvement, etc . (Imai, 1986) as shown in Figure 1 . Figure 1: The Kaizen Umbrella

K Kanban

A Approach

I actually Improvement

Unces E No Defects Success

N Networking

Customer Orientation Six Sigma Total Fruitful Maintenance

Just-In-Time Small Group Activities Automation

Suggestion System Willpower Poka-Yoke


References: sixty four The Icfai University Log of Operations Management, Vol. VIII, No . 2, 2009


sixty six The Icfai University Diary of Procedures Management, Vol. VIII, Number 2, 2009


Yeo et al., 1995 Newitt, 1996 Womack and Smith, 1996 Ghalayini et ing., 1997 Imai, 1997

Williamson, 1997 Mcdougal describes the role of target being and Kaizen costing concepts in making ongoing improvement

Table 1: Works on the Concept of Kaizen Philosophy

Writer and 12 months Cheser, 98 Key Studies

Sheridan, 1997 Adams et al., 99 Bond, 99

Savolainen, 99 Two case studies have already been performed to boost the understanding of the processes and dynamics of continuous improvement implementation

75 The Icfai University Journal of Functions Management, Volume. VIII, Number 2, 2009


Stand 2: Case Studies Linked to Kaizen Philosophy

Author and Year Melts away, 2000 Crucial Findings

Irane and Sharp, The creators discuss the right situation of implementing ongoing 1997 improvement approach. Bassant, 2000 The outcomes of the survey performed simply by CI exploration advantage for UK companies have been explained in the newspaper.

The Icfai University Log of Businesses Management, Volume. VIII, Number 2, 2009