Fundamentals of MS DOS: A summary

 Basics of MS 2: An Overview Essay

Learning MS-DOS Fundamentals


1 ) Overview2

installment payments on your MS-DOS Commands. 2

installment payments on your 1 . Inner commands2

2 . 2 . Exterior Commands2

several. The Command word Prompt3

some. Typing a Command3

five. Viewing the Contents of any Directory3

your five. 1To view the contents of any directory one screen for a time4 5. 2To view the items of a listing in vast format5

6th. Changing Drives5

7. Changing Directories6

7. 1Changing directories6

7. 2Changing Back to the Root Directory7

almost 8. Creating a Directory7

9. Getting rid of a Directory8

10. Copying Files9

10. 1Copying a Single File9

10. 2Copying a team of Files9

14. Renaming Files10

12. Deleting Files11

12. 1Deleting a Group of Files11

doze. 2To delete a directory11

13. Check the Date and Time11

18. Recall a DOS Command11

15. Create a File with DOS11

of sixteen. To check the contents of any file12

18. Editing Text Files12

18. Checking the Current condition of a Disk12

19. Help13

20. Making use of the ATTRIB Command13

21. Colour Command14

twenty-two. Symbols combined with commands15

23. The PATH Command16

24. The EXIT Command16

25. Batch Files17

twenty-five. 1Requirements for producing batch files17

25. 2How to create a group file17

twenty-five. 3Working with arguments18

25. 4The Rem statement19

twenty-five. 5Prompting pertaining to user input19

25. 6How to start Windows files and other programs via a group file20 25. 7Conditional branching with " If" statements20

25. 8" If exist" statement20

25. 9The " goto" command22

25. 10Iterating with " For" twenty four

26. Different Important MS-DOS Commands28

This tutorial offers you an opportunity to make an effort basic MS-DOS commands.


Most Computers run beneath the MSDOS Operating System. MSDOS staying the Microsoft company Disk Operating System. The Os has 3 main matters: -

• The program files which are hidden. Conduct - simple tasks e. g. browsing the keyboard, showing characters for the screen, opening and closing files etc . • The command interpreter (CMD. EXE) - which will reads commands typed on the keyboard and attempts to obey all of them. It has some simple orders built in -- these are known as internal directions. • Several utility programs covering features not taken care of by the interior commands. The precise number of external commands differs between diverse versions of MSDOS.

MS-DOS Commands.

A command is the name of a exceptional program that makes your computer execute a task. There are two types of MS-DOS commands - internal and external.

1 Internal commands

Interior commands are built into the operating-system as part of folders called CMD. EXE. They can be loaded in to memory if you switch on your computer. When you type an internal control, MS-DOS executes it immediately. Some of the MS-DOS internal orders are the following. Small research of interior DOS directions

1 . de, erase -- delete documents

2 . rd, rmdir -- delete web directories

3. euch - show content of directories

4. cd, chdir - modify current directory

5. cls - obvious the display

6. md, mkdir -- create a directory

7. duplicate - replicate of one or several data

8. ren, rename -- rename of files or perhaps directories

being unfaithful. type - shows the information of textual content files

10. vol -- shows the storage drive

2 External Commands

Data with file format COM or perhaps EXE will be external directions. Because these types of commands will be files, they can be not constructed into the os ( they are the instructions that adjust between types of MS-DOS). The MS-DOS external commands may consist of SOME or all of the next, Small reference point of external DOS instructions

• attrib - shows the advantages of files or perhaps set among those • fdisk - partitioning or alter of the hard drive

• push - maneuver of documents

• memory - displays the occupancy of working memory

• tree -- shows the directory structure

When you type an external control, MS-DOS searches for the control in the current directory site. If it is not really there, you need to guide MS-DOS to the relevant directory together with the PATH control....